Determining the value of your sponsorship inventory and defining your own sponsorship valuation formula is without a doubt the thing that strikes fear into the hearts of even the toughest sponsorship sales pro. We get more questions about this subject than any other topic on sponsorship.
This post is meant to serve as one way to run a valuation for your property and identify appropriate Sponsorship fees. It is not the only way! In fact, there is no one way to do valuations and before you ask, there are several sponsorship pricing strategies. There is no magic list of values and sponsorship fees! You can’t just download a list of values that work for all properties all the time (or even any of the time!). Finding a list of the average sponsorship costs in your industry is interesting, but not useful when building your own sponsorship valuation formula.
Before we dive in, I am giving away two free resources to help you with valuations. Get your free copy of my infographic and valuation checklist now!
Make no mistake, your property’s value is as unique as your fingerprint. It is something you create for your property based on your unique situation, mix of assets, brand value and audience segments.
Here is a process, in order of priority, that will help you find your unique value.
First things first, you need to know what you are selling sponsorship for! Asking a company for money to support your mission in exchange for a logo on your website is a useless endeavour. In fact, it will damage your brand and your relationship with your prospects.
Property building is the first step in the valuation process. What is a property you ask? Simply put, it is a collection of assets, serving a specific audience in a specific way, against which you can sell and recognize sponsors and develop a custom sponsorship value calculator.
Confused? You should be! That’s a pretty vague answer. Let’s move to examples instead.
Examples of sponsorship properties:
A networking event (or series)
Naming rights for a physical building or room (or on jerseys for major sports teams)
Naming rights of a program (charitable programs, education programs)
Races and “athon” events
Concert series, a production in a theatre
VIP events and donor recognition functions
Skilled volunteer training events
Fan appreciation days
What do these things have in common? They are distinct entities and a sponsorship seeker (or rights holder) can have many sponsorship properties. They cater to a specific audience and have their own set of assets that you can sell and recognize at these properties.
Global sponsorship spending since 2007 – Image via Statistica
Can a gala or marathon be a property? Of course! They can also be part of a broader property that unites them. If the marathon is part of a series of events used to bring together the same audience over and over, like university alumni from the legal program, then you might think of those networking events as one property and each individual event as an asset.
Some organizations look at their communications platform as a property in and of itself while others see it as an asset to be used by multiple properties to drive up the value of their sponsorship packages.
Once you have identified your properties, then you can move on to assets which leads to your own sponsorship price list!
People often confuse assets and properties. For example, “slapping a logo” on a newsletter is often considered a property and sold as such, but actually it is an asset that can be added to your property to increase its value and seldom has much value outside of the context of a sponsorship program. The sponsorship value per impression of these types of assets is typically quite low.
Nobody wants to buy one tweet, one e-blast or one logo on your website. These individual assets are little more than advertising unless packaged together under a property, valued and then activations are created to help your sponsor get the most out of their investment.
Don’t worry, we’re going to talk about activations below!
Using Excel or a big white board, bring together your entire team. Not just sponsorship salespeople, but those in other departments (marketing, programs, ticket sales, communications, volunteers and board members).
List each property on its own page or spreadsheet and start to define every single thing you can sell to a sponsor.
Your very first question should be “What can we put logos on?” spend only 5 minutes on this and then…nobody is allowed to say the word “logo” again.
Sure, putting logos on stuff is part of sponsorship, but unless you have an audience of 10 million people you won’t make a cent with just this in your inventory. After everyone has gotten “logos on stuff” out of their system, move on to more advanced questions.
Look through the categories listed below and determine with your team if you can offer assets under each heading. I have found it helps to bundle the assets into categories.
Here are few common ones that appear in most sponsorship evaluation models:
Naming right of physical spaces
Naming rights of programs
Product giveaways and samples
Newsletters and mailings
Pass through benefits
Use of venue
The answers to every one of these questions becomes an asset and then becomes an activation idea. More on that soon, I promise.
Then you move on to these questions specifically focused on measuring sponsorship ROI:
What do our sponsors want to achieve?
What actions do they want our audience to take?
What do they want us to measure to prove that we delivered?
What do our sponsors want more of and what do they hate?
If you don’t know the answers to these questions, there is a top secret trick that us consultants use to get the answers:
We ask your audience and your sponsors! That’s right! The only person on earth who knows exactly what your sponsor wants is…your sponsor. So ask them. Once you’ve finished this exercise, do some research. Look to all of your competitors, not just direct competitors but properties that attract your audience, that run your type of event and that exist in your target geography. List all of things they are doing as well.
Now you have a sponsorship inventory! A list of everything your team can think of, everything your sponsors can think of and everything your competitors can think of. Now hold on to it, because you’ll need it for step four.
Speaking of asking your audience…
You have your properties and now you have your assets…but you can’t do a sponsorship valuation until you understand your audience.
Here are some examples of audience segments that don’t work and are very low value:
All of Canada, the US or North America
“Everyone should care about what we do” so they do (this is the first point in disguise)
The “general public”
Women aged 30-50
People who enjoy XYZ activity
People who care about XYZ activity
Middle-class people, upper-class people
If this is your audience then you can still do a valuation…you just need 10 million of these types of people to generate any money and even then, sponsors want way more than this. Why are these audience segments useless? Because they tell a sponsor nothing about whether or not you have their customer base and makes measuring sponsorship effectiveness impossible for your sponsor. The less you know about your audience, the less likely a sponsor is to trust that you can deliver on your promises to get your audience to take a specific action.
Benefits sponsors are expecting to gain from sponsorship – via WEEMSS Infographic
Here are some examples of good audience segments:
40 year old, high net worth moms, who live in suburban Chicago, with 2 or more kids who play baseball
55 year old, partner track, corporate lawyers, who are responsible for bringing in new business and making purchasing decisions for their law firm
University of X grads, who studied X program, who in 5 years tend to work on Bay St in Toronto, making X salary, who buy houses in York Region and commute 2 hours daily (let me tell you how much I DON’T miss that time of my life, by the way)
Newly minted tradespeople who are trying to buy a house, work in X trade, need professional insurance, plan to spend $5000 on new tools
What do these audience segments have in common? You can instantly see what they are likely to purchase, their needs, responsibilities etc. and it make build a sponsorship valuation formula much much easier. But you’re not done yet! Once you know your audience segments, you need to know their preferred brands and what purchases they intend to make.
You are looking for answers to the following questions which you can ask in your next sponsorship survey:
Who do you bank with? Would you consider a change in the next two years?
Do you have a mortgage? How much?
When do you plan to buy a house or move?
Do you have life insurance, retirement savings? With who? Do you plan to change?
What is your household income?
What is your preferred brand of car? Do you lease or won? When do you plan to buy a new car?
What is your level of education?
What industry do you work in? How many years? What is your level of responsibility? Do you control a budget? What size?
How many staff report to you?
How would you rate brands XYZ (try this one before and after your campaign to see if your campaign worked)
This is not an exhaustive list by any means!
Now picture yourself sitting down in front of a major bank, telling them you have 40-year old, high net worth moms, who live in suburban Chicago, with two or more kids who play baseball. You know they bank with your prospect’s competitors and you know they want to change banks. You also know they plan to save for their kids’ school, retirement and a new house when the third child comes along.
If you share this data with a prospect and they will leap across the table throwing money at you! You tell that same prospect that you have “the general public” and could put their logo on your website and they will say the words you never want to hear:
“Oh, just send me a proposal” (Code for “no thanks!”)
When people ask for that magic list of values or ask me how to do a valuation, this is usually what they are asking for. As you can see though, step four on its own is actually not that useful without the other six steps.
I’ve never eaten an elephant, but if I did, I know exactly how I’d do it: one bite at a time. Here is yet another example of what life can teach us about sponsorship! How do you complete a valuation on an inventory of 50, 100 or 1,000 assets? One asset at a time.
The first thing I do with any list of assets is divide it into similar assets. These will look familiar from your inventory building stage:
Naming rights of physical spaces
Naming rights of programs
Product giveaways and samples
Newsletters and mailings
Pass through benefits
Use of venue
Again, not an exhaustive list! But once you start to divide your inventory across this many categories, you quickly make this far more manageable to work with. The next part of the sponsorship valuation process is where art and science come together. The name of the game for sponsorship valuations is to ask yourself “where else can a sponsor get the same outcome?” If they were to go around us to target our audience. Sponsorship return on investment is an important element of your program. If a sponsor can achieve the same (or better) outcome through other marketing channels, they will pursue them…which is bad news for you.
Note, I didn’t say the same asset! You aren’t going to look at someone else’s sponsorship package and copy them.
Instead you are going to think like this:
A logo placement is a lot like a small ad in a newspaper or magazine with no call to action
Our audience is XYZ
This publication offers push marketing assets to the same audience so a sponsor could get the same exposure there
Contact the publication for their rate card and distribution. Cost of small ad divided by distribution = sponsorship value per impression (it will be pennies)
Cost per view multiplied by the number of views you offer = the value of your logo placement opportunity
The value of every asset changes depending on your audience, geography and type of asset.
What if your sponsor wants sampling opportunities?
Identify other events like yours in similar geographies catering to your audience
Identify sampling opportunities to more general audiences to determine if samples in your industry are more valuable than others
Identify an appropriate range depending on how you will distribute the samples, passively on a table or by sales staff (or your staff)
Multiply that by number of samples distributed
What if they want to collect email addresses?
Ask how else your prospect can get email addresses
Social media campaigns come to mind
Run a Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn campaign targeting your audience
Use the “pay per click” option and see what others are paying to get someone to click a link
Multiply that by conversion rates (the average number of people who, after clicking on a link give up their email address), say 25%
Now you know how much your sponsor would pay for every email address for exactly your audience if they decided to go around you and target your audience (which they can do, by the way)
This process will leave you with a huge list of assets with values and a small list of values without. Some of your leftover assets are intangible assets that are impossible to assign a market value to…but that doesn’t mean they have no value. You can reserve those items for special sponsors (like invitation to a sponsor summit, naming rights of a small event or experience that you cannot buy). Other assets will require that you dig a little deeper. By the time you have done this for 20 or more properties, you will start to know which are “hard to find” values and which are impossible to find.
So that’s it, right? You have your valuation!
Not so fast. All you have is an inventory of advertising prices. You still need two things: your brand value (sometimes called intangible value) and some activation ideas. I didn’t say this is an easy process, I only promised to tell you how to do it!
First, let me say that when I say brand value, I mean as it relates to sponsorship. I don’t mean that you have to hire a marketing firm to test your market value with consumers or your target audience. If you have done this…great! If not, no problem.